Three Common Pollutants Found in

Whether you own or manage an industrial wastewater treatment facility, it’s important to understand the significance of sewage treatment. Ignoring wastewater treatment systems could earn your company many fines or lawsuits. It could also pose a potential threat to public health.

Pollutants Found in Wastewater

Wastewater is the byproduct of plant processes. Therefore, contaminants present in the wastewater stream vary depending on plant processes. Here are some of the common pollutants:

1. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)

It refers to the amount of oxygen needed by aerobic organisms to break down matter into smaller molecules. Elevated levels of BOD indicate a high concentration of biodegradable material in the wastewater. In fact, it can deplete the oxygen needed by aquatic organisms. That leads to algal blooms and harmful changes to the marine ecosystem.

2. Pathogens

Pathogens include any microorganisms such as virus, fungi, and bacteria present in the wastewater. Pathogens often cause severe digestive problems and acute sicknesses. Untreated sewage can spread diseases such as hepatitis, cholera, giardiasis, botulism, salmonellosis, and dysentery. You can ingest pathogens by eating or drinking contaminated food and beverages.

3. Nitrates and Phosphates

Wastewater with a high concentration of nitrates and phosphate can increase the BOD level. That leads to extensive weed growth, phytoplankton, and algae. Highly concentrated wastewater de-oxygenates a water body, killing aquatic organisms. Phosphate and nitrates could potentially result in hypoxia. These contaminants can enter the wastewater stream in the form of pesticides, food waste, and detergent.

Wastewater Treatment Options

1. Reusing

Reusing wastewater can be a viable option, especially in areas with limited water resources. Besides conserving water, reusing wastewater helps you save on connection fees. Your wastewater treatment option depends on your processes. Look for an option that best fits your plant operations. That ensures efficient water recovery.

2. Discharge wastewater into the local municipality

Your local wastewater treatment companies will want you to clean your effluent before they take it. Check with your local authority to ensure you meet its wastewater discharge requirements. You will need to remove the pollutants they don’t allow. Failing to comply with its requirements can cost you thousands of dollars in the future. For those of you interested, JNE Environmental has more information available on their website.

3. Releasing wastewater into the environment

In Canada, you release wastewater into the environment under NPDES permit. These grants place limitations on what you can discharge into the environment. That helps ensure production facilities don’t release toxic wastewater into the environment. Your local regulations and pollutants in your wastewater determine what treatment is necessary for your plant. Check with your local NPDES representatives to ensure your facility comply with local regulations. Failure to meet requirements could result in hefty fines.

Overall, failing to treat your wastewater can potentially harm your plant, the environment, and human health. Check with your NPDES representatives to ensure you meet the local discharge regulations. It’s also advisable to take proper steps to treat your wastewater before it’s reused or released into the environment.

Four Things to Look for Before Giving a

Making a monthly donation to your favorite charity is a good way to give back and to help those in need. While there are some charities that you know and respect, you’ll likely come across some organizations that you never heard of before. Do not give a single dime of your money until you do your research and determine that the money goes to support a good cause.

Tax Deduction Proof

Whether donating to adult or children’s charities, you always want to make sure that the organization will provide you with proof of your donation, which lets you write off that cash on your taxes the following year. The IRS requires some type of proof such as a letter that shows what you gave. If the charity refuses to give you this information, it may be a scam.

Sales Tactics

Before engaging in charitable giving, you should think about the sales tactics that the organization uses. High pressure tactics include people who constantly ask you to give money and to give money now instead of giving you time to think things through. The top charities will provide you with all the information that you need and give you time to decide what you want to do.

Guaranteed Winnings

Chirty gifts are gifts that the charity gives you for your donation. If you watch PBS, you might come across a telethon that gives you coffee mugs, tote bags and other simple gifts based on how much you donate. Organizations often give small gifts as a way to encourage others to donate money. Some scam charities though will push you to make a donation in exchange for a chance to win a big prize like a cruise or a new car. Those charities may guarantee that you’ll win when you donate more money.

Available Information

Before you donate monthly or annually, always look at all the information that is available to you. You should pay special attention to the way in which the charity will use your donation and where the money goes. Many people are surprised when they learn that some of the biggest charities spend more on operating costs and paying the salaries of executives than on actually helping those in need. You should also look at the mission of the organization and what steps it takes to reach its goals.

Disability charities and other charitable organizations use the donations received to assist those who need help as well as to bring attention to issues and problems such as cancer and other medical conditions. Looking at where the money goes and at other things makes sure that your donation goes to a worthy cause. The Christian Blind Mission website has more online resources available.